The need for reformation of the Nigeria Security Sector becomes very important giving the high level security — community violence as a critical socio-political problem of the country. In fact the political and socio-economic influence on security —citizens (especially the police) violence can be observed in the entrenched hostility between most especially the police and certain segment of the population, such as labour, students, peasant farmer organization, pro—democracy and human rights groups, professional associations and community based advocacy groups, considered to be “enemies” of government.
Also the widespread ignorance and misperception about the role and powers of the Police most especially by the public derived from the historical legacy of using police to suppress the citizens by colonial and post colonial government. Additionally, several institutional problems, in terms of qualitative and quantitative inadequacy of men and women, materials and funding within the Nigeria Police Force despite its role as the coordinating security organization as well as poor and inadequate social infrastructure within the Nigeria society which hitherto militate against security effectiveness, and positive estimation of the police by Nigerian citizens.
The effect of the above was and is still a high level reason of citizens resentment to police and other security forces, even when they are exercising their legitimate powers in the course of legally permissible law enforcement functions and activities. This resentment sometimes precipitates violence against the police by citizens’ as well as reprisals.
Consequent upon this and with the launching and adoption of community Policing by the Federal Government OF Nigeria in 2004 of which COMPPART was the FOUNDATION ADVOCACY PLATFORM, We in furtherance of the goal of the launched Community Policing Project which proposes a framework for effective, civil and accountable police force for Nigeria, that will advance democratic governance, transparent and accountable security services, quality service delivery and respect for human rights carried out series of security sectors reform with the aim of sustaining a framework for effective involvement of civil society in controlling and determining the direction and priority of policing within the different cultural sensibilities and power play of the diverse communities in Nigeria.
NOTE: Community policing has no model anywhere in the world but it can share a set of core values
UNDER THIS PROGRAMME AREA, WE HAVE THE FOLLOWING PROJECTS:
1. LAW ENFORCEMENT AND HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION
COMPPART as a nongovernmental organization has since its establishment been actively involved in aggressive human rights and law enforcement education with intent to reduce the antagonistic relationship existing between civil society and law enforcement agencies in Nigeria. In doing this fliers such as:
What To Do When stopped by the Police?
THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT THE FEDERAL ROAD SAFETY CORP AND REQUIREMENT FOR SAFE MOTORING, WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT BAIL as well as CHAPTER FOUR OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA 1999 (as amended) has been massively produced and distributed across the country but mostly within Akwa Ibom State.
Additionally different demonstration programmes and community levels advocacy efforts on the need for citizens to actively partner the different law enforcement agencies has been carried out using the local dialect for the people to understand. We can authoritatively submit that we are the first and the only human rights organization in the entire 31 Local Government Areas of Akwa Ibom State that works towards cultivating active citizens partnership with law enforcement agencies, no wonder we were formally recognize and presented with a Certificate of Recognition by the national Human Rights commission on International Human Rights Day 2014.
In 2014, we organized the first ever training for journalist on Human Rights violation Reporting. The outcomes of such programmes and projects are collected in our publication titled ” OUR COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES”
2. INFORMAL POLICING (TRAINING FOR PRIVATE SECURITY COMPANIES)
Since 2007, COMPPART has in close partnership with Nigeria Police Force and Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps Akwa Ibom State Commands organizes training for Private Security Companies and Neighborhood Watch Associations in Akwa Ibom State. Currently we have applied to the Nigeria civil Defence Corp requesting for the list of all registered Private security Companies in the State of Akwa Ibom in our ongoing effort to develop a tailor made training for them on the framework of Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights. Also this programme area also helps to enhance sustainable partnership between the formal and informal policing sectors in Akwa Ibom State.
Also, under our security sector Reform programme focus, we have been carrying out programmes geared towards raising awareness on the ills of Trafficking in persons in Akwa Ibom State as a way of encouraging active partnership in the prevention of this modern day slavery between the civil populace and the security agencies, we carried out this in collaboration with the Anti Trafficking sections of Nigeria Police force and the Nigeria immigration Service while Resource Person are drawn from The national Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons and other related matters NAPTIP.
To ensure active involvement of the different segment of the society sector reform programme we have develop sub programmes such as
i. YOUTH & Drug Abuse Projects: This programme aim at bridging the gap between this segment of the society and the security forces and at the same time building their resilience to become change agent by helping to detach other members that we cannot directly reach from crime and anti-social behaviors. Targeted mostly on youth in inner communities of oil producing communities in the Niger Delta region, it helps to encourage active participation of young persons in the pursuance of safety and security needs as well as Community and Company harmony in the extractive sectors which their community play host to.
The project also helps to bridge the communication gap between the youth and most especially the police by educating them on the strategies of making complaints to the police and other security agencies without reprisal from the perpetrators of such crime which has been one of the reason for poor Police community relationship in Nigeria due to poor crime information management. Additionally, these projects also help to enlighten the youth and other young persons within the communities to say no to DRUGS, truancy, examination malpractices, casual sex and teenage pregnancies.
ii. CONFLICT AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM PREVENTION
Under this project, COMPPART serves as Humanitarian Emergency Response and Development organization helping to report Early Warning signs in Akwa Ibom State for the West African Network for Peace building WANEP and is currently a Steering Committee member of the Partnership Against Violence Extremism (PAVE) a European Union Supported initiative within the Society Against Violence Extremism project located within the Office of the National Security Adviser in the Presidency of the federal Republic of Nigeria.
iii. COMMUNITY POLICING ADVOCACY PROJECTS
With this project COMPPART helps to build partnership between the police and local communities in crime prevention and infusing community concerns in the determination of policing priorities through training for Traditional Rulers under the auspices of “Mbong Ikpaisong Afud Annang” an umbrella organization for all Village Heads and Clan Heads of Annangland coming from the eight local government Areas of Akwa Ibom State, Police Community Relations Committee PCRC as well as other community Watch and Neighborhood Associations on how to partner the Police thereby ensuring in the process a sustainable ownership and commitment to anti corruption initiatives .
We have been the coordinating Organization of ALTUS GLOBAL ALLIANCE annual Police Station Visitor’s Week in Akwa Ibom state since inception. More information about ALTUS GLOBAL ALLIANCE POLICE STATION VISITOR’S WEEK can be found at www.altus.org
3. VOLUNTARY PRINCIPLES ON SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Established in the year 2000, The voluntary Principles on Security and human Rights are a set of principles developed to guide extractive sectors (Hydro Carbon and Mining) in ensuring the safety and security of their operations, personnel’s and facilities in a manner that promotes respect for human rights of their host communities.
Currently owing to the non-participation of the Nigeria Government in the voluntary Principles on security and human rights, COMPPART is raising awareness among communities on the contents, spirit and benefit of the framework to the realization of Companies/community harmony within the extractive host communities of the Niger Delta States. We have produced and distributed over 10 million posters and fliers on the voluntary principles on security and human rights in Nigeria.
The aim is to mobilize a bottom up demand for the signing on and implementation of the VP by the Nigeria Government.. In doing this COMPPART has a desk dedicated to the VP project and the head of the desk can be reach on email address firstname.lastname@example.org